Altering the level of mechanistic characteristics will help a firm to increase learning opportunities to some extent. One way communication It emphasizes in autocratic leadership. A company that operates in various regions with various products may require interaction between product development teams and geographic marketing specialists—suggesting a matrix may be applicable. For it, manager invites subordinates to provide their view, ideas, experience and knowledge for solving problems. Specialization carries throughout the organization. To achieve organizational goals and objectives, employee activities within the organization need to be coordinated and managed. The rigid structure in mechanistic organizations does not.
Before analyzing organic and mechanistic structures a review of the four elements, centralization, formalization, hierarchy, and departmentalization, is called for. Hence it maximizes work overload on manager due to which he can not involve in creative and innovative works. Organic Structure is decentralized and has low complexity and formalization. A system of rules covering the duties and rights of all employees: These rules should be clear-cut and the responsibility of every member in the organization must be clearly defined and assigned and strictly adhered to. Hitting the right balance between decentralization and centralization is a challenge for many organizations. Flat When represented on an organizational chart, tall structures have a vertical orientation due to a management hierarchy. While that may sound dystopian, viewing an organization as a machine allows management to concentrate on coordinating resources and effort.
Personnel selection, assignment, and promotion are based on the possession of skills required for specific tasks. Subordinates are responsible for their immediate superiors. Such formalization is driven by efficiency; reduction in variance increases predictability, and increases in predictability allow for improvements in efficiency. Tall structures have many levels of management between its front line employees and executive officers. Employee job descriptions are broader and employees are asked to perform duties based on the specific needs of the organization at the time as well as their own expertise levels.
Think of an organic structure as a living organism that goes through multiple changes throughout its life. Therefore, a mechanistic type of structure is highly efficient for an organization which operates in a more stable environment. The organic fertilizers release the nutrients in a slow and consistent rate that the plants can ut … ilize. Therefore, resistance to change is high and innovation is not so much encouraged in organizations having a mechanistic type of organization hierarchy. Organizational Structure To achieve organizational goals and objectives, employee activities within the organization need to be coordinated and managed. However, this can be more suitable to improve efficiency in a stable environment rather than depending on. The effect of organizational structure on perceptions of procedural fairness.
Employees in organic structures experience greater autonomy and report higher levels of motivation and job satisfaction. It also includes the layers of hierarchy, , and. There is a greater scale of verbal communication between parties. Organic Organisation As a culture are living and responsive to change. Downward Flow of Communication: Communication that flows from a higher level in an organization to a lower level is a downward communication.
Research shows that when managers supervise a large number of employees, which is more likely to happen in flat structures, employees experience greater levels of role ambiguity—the confusion that results from being unsure of what is expected of a worker on the job. On the other hand, it considers processes and procedures outside to those authorized protocols as variances which should be brought under control meaning that decision making in all dealings should be done by applying such provided procedures, policies, rules or instructions. However, it can also reduce employee motivation, innovation, and job satisfaction Carpenter et al. As a result, they are less convenient. Mechanistic structures are generally centralized whereas organic structures tend to be decentralized. Budgeted cost of work performed, Cost overrun, Earned value management 988 Words 5 Pages Chemical Fertilizers vs.
It helps for timely flow of information. In centralized companies, many important decisions are made at higher levels of the hierarchy, whereas in decentralized companies, decisions are made and problems are solved at lower levels by employees who are closer to the problem in question. Disadvantages of Mechanistic Organization Work overload on manager In mechanistic organization there is the provision of centralized authority and decision making authority is vested in top level manager. With the flat structure, managers are unable to provide close supervision to employees, allowing them more freedom and autonomy Carpenter et al. If a business has employees, it cannot structure as a sole proprietorship.
If each department defines different policies differently, one department may not understand the message another department is sending. Selection and promotion of personnel based upon technical competence and excellence: Employees are selected on the basis of a match between the job requirements and employee capabilities. A high degree of formalization may actually lead to reduced innovativeness because employees are used to behaving in a certain manner. Therefore, employees fear change and resist to innovation. Functional structures appear in a variety of organizations across many industries.