Abstract During the past three decades, the cities of the developing world in general, and of Africa in particular, have witnessed a remarkable and in many ways unprecedented demographic growth spurt. Migration has been a key human response to environmental, social, political, and economic changes Hall, et. Rural-urban migration is facilitated by pull and push factors that forces people influx from countryside to cities. Migration from rural areas of Eastern Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh and Orissa to the rural areas of Punjab, Haryana, Western Uttar Pradesh accounted for the success of their green revolution strategy for agricultural development. Workers may also migrate from rural areas to urban areas in hope of gaining a higher standard of living. The growth in the working population will also mean more competition for jobs.
This study aims at identifying the major causes and consequences of the movement of people from rural to urban areas. Conceptual Frame Work of Rural Urban Migration Figure 2 Map of the Study Area Figure 3 Adminisrative Map Of Wolaita Zone Figure 4. The impact of migration has clearly seen on the metropolitan indispensable amenities. In recent years the rate of rural- urban migration in many less economically developed countries such as China has become alarming as more people waft into the urban centres from the rural areas. People migrate from rural areas to urban areas in search of better employment opportunities, education and better living conditions.
The growth in the working population will also mean more competition for jobs. Rural Urban Migration Aaapka Naam kya hai? The urbanism, which is urban way of life, emerges in the cities and gradually reaches to the rural areas, depending on their proximity to cities. Some small communities may cease to exist overtime as there is no one left to run businesses, work in local companies or demand products from local firms because the younger generations of the area have migrated. Migration helps in linking people and transferring them from low opportunities to high opportunities. One consequence of rural to urban migration is overcrowding.
Media influence has made people recognize their state of poverty. The population of the study covered the whole villages in the study area from, which a sample of five towns was selected. The percent of migrant population in the region was 13. This, in turn, creates both benefits and problems for the areas, people migrate from and migrate to. Many cultural traits are diffused from cities to the rural areas. A third reason for this pattern of migration is that many people desire to expand their experiences. Migration is a dynamic component of population with reference to movement of people from one geographical area to another.
This cause problem if land tenure is communal whereby you find that land is owned by group of people thus individual having no authority to protect or own the land. Zusammenfassend kann gesagt werden, dass das Harris Todaro Modell trotz einiger Unzulänglichkeiten in der Lage ist, die wirtschaftliche Entwicklung in China zu erklären und Leitlinien für die Implementierung politischer Optionen aufzuzeigen. According to Vishwanathan 1991, cited in Lall, et. Migration is an inevitable and irreversible process and integral part of development. Please acknowledge publications according to acceptable standards and norms. Current Occupational Status, Educational and Income Level of Migrants 5. The empirical finding of the study supports the beneficial impact of factor mobility on this segment of the population in the developing world.
Is there any plans made by the government to improve the condition of the people in rural areas before? Chandra 2002 studied the consequence of internal migration in Fiji. Results show that the main factors behind Rural-Urban migration were, poverty and unemployment 95. But millions of people leave their places of birth and residence. Such observation and the existing situation made the researcher inspired and to explore the situation and identify the causes, and consequences of rural urban migration to Wolaita Soddo town. The means of information may vary from friends who return from migration, electronic or printing media.
The study concludes that an increase in net migration as a result of removing restrictions on labor mobility positively influences economic growth in developing countries. But it happens mainly because of better education and better standard of living. Overutilization of such amenities results in poor service delivery to the general population. If migration takes place too quickly or unexpectedly, the planning necessary to accommodate growth will not be in place. The issues of the practical implementation of the principles of democracy become one of driving force for increments of rural urban exodus. Out of these, 81 million were intrastate migrants. These jobs includes, street vending, hustling, sharpening of knife, drug trafficking, maize roasting and even prostitution.
They may leave their current jobs in hope of finding higher paying ones as there are many more opportunities for employment to chose from in the city. Thus, it is anticipated that an increase in the provision of social amenities will result in a corresponding decrease in rural-urban migration. Migration from rural to urban areas occurs for several reasons, namely in the search of a better lifestyle and standard of living. However, the success of the mechanisms is under great question. Furthermore, the study revealed that the propensity to migrate is directly related to educational attainment.
Demographic Consequences Migration leads to the redistribution of the population within a country. An increase in migration is expected to reduce rural population growth while urban population can increase because of the majority of migrants are males and females of reproductive age group. Despite some slow- down in rates of increase in the past few years as a result of falling wages, contracting social services, and changing demographic trends, contempo- rary urban areas remain the growth poles of economic,progress and the lightning rods of political and social unrest. This movement is encouraged by the perceived large number of employment and business opportunities in urban areas. Increased number of people because of rural urban migration puts pressure on available public utilities. Urban area: This refers to towns, cities, conurbations, megalopolis etc.