It was the job of Cerberus to guard the entrance to Hades. Cerberus is said to have tremendous strength that could shake the ground and break walls. He is shown to also be affectionate to Hades' wife Persephone. Most sources attribute three heads to Cerberus, although some ancient writers have endowed him with one, two, fifty heads Hesiod and as many as one hundred Horace. But Hekataios Hecataeus of Miletos gave a plausible explanation, stating that a terrible serpent lived on Tainaron, and was called the Hound of Hades, because any one bitten was bound to die of the poison at once, and it was this snake, he said, that was brought by Herakles to Eurystheus. Hera found the perfect solution in gifting Cerberus to her brother Hades.
The tale goes that Hades visited Hera and warned her if she ever sent Heracles on any such errand again she would have to deal with him. However, while outside of his palace, Cerberus awoke, which scared Eurystheus so much he jumped into a pithos. In adulthood, Cerberus was the watchdog of the Greek underworld and faithful servant to Hades. After showing Kerberos to Eurystheus, he took it back to Haides' realm. It is even said in some stories that Cerberus is the child of Typhaon and Chimara. Cerberus is featured in several mythological stories in his role as the watchdog of Hades.
Orpheus was later dismembered by Thracian maenads female worshipers of Dionysus, God of Wine. She was immediately turned into a ghost and sent back to the underworld forever. The creature, crazy with hunger, opened its three mouths, gobbled the bait; then its huge body relaxed and lay, sprawled out on the ground, the whole length of its cave kennel. Other accounts say that Heracles exhibited Cerberus and was met by crowds who gave him a laurel wreath and sang songs about him. He was the brother to the , Hydra, Colquidian Dragon, Ladon, Escila, Doubt, Ortos, Gerion, Sphinx, Cromino Pig and Nemean Lion. Heracles would return Cerberus to the Underworld, from whence after the monstrous dog would once again watch over the shades of the dead.
Psyche, another character in Roman mythology, was able to charm Cerberus with her beauty and also with a drugged honeycake. As the last of his twelve labors, Hercules had to bring Cerberus to the king Eurystheus. Featured Image: Painting where we can see Cerberus actively guarding Hades. He carried it King Eurystheus, who was a real sissy. He was also a faithful servant to Hades, who was the god of the underworld. . Fear of Cerberus was extremely real in Ancient Greece.
The second myth is when Hercules Greek mythology , with the approval of , gets Cerberus in a choke hold, knocks him out, and kidnaps him. Unfold his heroic deeds in order; tell how long a way leads to the gloomy shades, and how the Tartarean dog bore his galling bonds. King Eury stuck his head out from behind his throne and quickly agreed that Hercules should leave immediately. In a cave is where she dwelt luring men in with her body before she ate them raw. Perrin Greek historian C1st to C2nd A. In Greek mythology, Cerberus was a dog-demon that guarded the River Styx, the entrance to Hades the Underworld.
Later authors list many other among the siblings of , including the , the , the Caucasian Eagle, the , the Colchian Dragon, , and even and the mother of the. Traditionally, Orpheus was the son of a probably , the patron of epic poetry and Oeagrus, a king of other versions give. He seized hold of the beast's throat and squeezed with all his might. Shewring Greek epic C8th B. Trypanis Greek poet C3rd B. But Homer, who was the first to call the creature brought by Herakles the Hound of Haides, did not give it a name or describe it as of manifold form, as he did the Khimaira Chimera.
Although his parents are known as Typhon and Echidne, Typhaon and Chimaera, or a varied spelling of these names, Cerberus was untamed and only obeyed the voices of Hades and Persephone. Only on three occasions was tricked by visitors of : did it with his strength, with his music, and the Sybil of Cumae with a honey-cake. This he accomplished by the favour of Persephone, and receiving the dog Kerberos in chains he carried him away to the amazement of all and exhibited him to men. According to the , because of a deal made by the first vampire, if any vampire should ever return to Hades they can get in because technically they are dead , but they can never leave again. Orpheus was so grief stricken by his loss that he stopped singing and playing all together. This poison Aegeus, by Medea's guile, offered to Theseus as his enemy, father to son.
Cerberus was very kinds and friendly to the dead, as well as any new spirits who entered the underworld. Do not imaging that the loss of a mere barley cake is a trivial matter, for if you relinquish either of them, the daylight of this world above will be totally denied you. By using his miraculous music, Orpheus was able to charm the boatman Charon, who ferried him across the Styx. Grant Roman mythographer C2nd A. He has a mane of serpents on each head and ferocious teeth. Later writers describe him as a monster with only three heads, with the tail of a serpent and a mane consisting of the heads of various snakes. Some believe that due to his dedication to the ancient Greek gods, Cerberus was released by Hades and that he joined the gods in a more human, immortal form and became known as Nabierius.
Each of Cerberus' heads had its own mind capable of seeing, hearing and acting independently of each other, however, all three heads were governed by a single will; This allowed Cerberus three times the perceptive capabilities of a single hound without fighting amongst himself. Orpheus joined the expedition of the Argonauts, saving them from the music of the Sirens by playing his own, more powerful music. Capture Of Cerberus There are a variety of accounts covering how Heracles captured Cerberus. Hercules used his bare hands. Hades saw this, and fled to Egypt with the Olympians, save for Zeus.