The head of e ach department was in close contact with the king, and often consulted by him. Trade and Commerce Trade and commerce flourished under the patronage of Chola emperors. Chola officials participated more as advisors and observers. The control of the finance was given to the pon variyam. The king was the pivot of administration and all the authority rested in his hands.
These members had to retire every three years. There were many variyams in every village. Lands were classified as taxable land and non taxable land. The Chola country stretched from the in the south to Tondaimandalam, the capital of which was Kanci now , in the north. He suppressed the rebellions of a captured portion of the Krishna Tungabhadra doab.
Disputes were settled with proper evidences. Another notable contribution made by the Cholas to temple architecture is the Siva temple at Gangaikondacholapuram built by Rajendra I. Kings were assisted by ministers and officials in their administration. He maintained friendly relations with Chalukyas of Vengi. The Five Hundred from the four countries and the thousand directions who were a merchant guild famous in the Chola country.
Chola rulers built a network of roads for the purpose of trade and communication. In the later phase, vimanas began to be constructed in circular concept as in the Nataraj temple at Chidambaram. The early Chola temples were found at Narthamalai and Kodumbalur in Pudukottai district and at Srinivasanallur in Tiruchirappalli district. Poona wrote the Shantipurana, a legendary history of the sixteenth tirthankara. Next came Virarajendra I, he too defeated the Chalukyas and erected a pillar of victory on the banks of Tungabhadra. Each math is said to have a gotra, presiding deities both male and female and Vedic mahavakya.
However, certain norms of disqualification were also mentioned in the inscriptions. . The kings of Ceylon and Maldives were also defeated. There are three types of village assemblies. The Chola kings and Queens were considered as representatives of God. There were many grades in the taxable lands.
The Chola king was the chief justice. Endowment of lands was made to run these institutions. The Dharma variyam looked after charities and temples. He continued his struggle against Someswara. Revenue administration, village self-government, and irrigation were highly organized under the Cholas. The titles used by the Chola kings were Chakrvartigal or Chakravarti. The Uttarmerur temple inscription gives a detailed description of the functioning of these assemblies.
They lived in very big royal palaces. Most important of these were manigramam, Ayyavolu-500 Five hundred Lords of Aihole also called as Ainnuruvar, Nanadesi, Vira Valanjiyar, Vira Balanju and Anjuvannan. The Chola kings defeated the Cheras at Kandalur salai. I mean just consider the facts, built fully of granite, finished within 5 years, that was quite fast for that period. He was succeeded in 907 A. The members were elected through Kuduvalai Lucky Draw system.
Generally mandalams were named after the original names or the titles of the Chola kings. Drama: Various plays were enacted in the premises of the temples for the temples for the saka of entertainment of the people. Very costly Arabian horses were imported to strengthen the cavalry. The Central Government was under the headship of the King. The whole country south of the Tungabhadra was united and held as one state for a period of two centuries and more.