The tide is full, the moon lies fair Upon the straits; —on the French coast the light Gleams and is gone; the cliffs of England stand, Glimmering and vast, out in the tranquil bay. Hello Everyone and Welcome to this Summary of Dover Beach Summary By Matthew Arnold, Presented to you by Beaming Notes. Though the reference is to Sophocles, Arnold bridges the present with the past. Various solutions to this problem have been proffered. Stanza 4— The final paragraph opens with an expression of intense despair and sorrow pent up in the mind of the speaker. The battle took place at night; the attacking army became disoriented while fighting in the darkness and many of their soldiers ignorantly killed each other.
The disordered rise and fall of human misery is symbolic to the ebb and flow of the sea waves. But now I only hear Its melancholy, long, withdrawing roar, Retreating, to the breath Of the night-wind, down the vast edges drear And naked shingles of the world. The despondent and monotonous sound of the waves reminds him of the despair with which Sophocles observed the misery and suffering of human beings in life as he heard the melancholic sound of the waves of the Aegean Sea. But it is all blind negation: there is in it neither love nor joy nor light nor peace. The world has become a battlefield where everybody is intrigued by false alarms and made to spread anger, violence, and misery.
A mood of sensory awareness is created as the landscape composed of the tranquil sea, moonlight and the strait gives a picture that is constituted of balance, stability, and harmony. They are too complex and can be interpreted in multiple ways, so nobody can really be said to have mastered them. Stanza 3- The faith in the religion that, owing to advancement in science and materialism, was rapidly losing its significance, is compared to a sea. So, at the beginning it would seem to be a love poem, or even a sonnet, as the first stanza consists of fourteen lines like a sonnet, with a change of tone at the ninth line as it should be the case for a sonnet. The disordered rise and fall of human misery is symbolic to the ebb and flow of the sea waves. Our speaker has also found a feeling of sadness hearing similar sound beside the northern sea The is between the English Channel and the North Sea. The sea is an archetypal image invested with the sentiment of divine dignity.
There is a sound of confused alarms and struggles, but the soldiers are ignorant as to what they are fighting for and why. And the clash is as endless as time and tide. How plausible is the future envisioned in this novel? The loud and intense roar of the sea of faith was now replaced by a gloomy and withdrawing roar. Such a dual experience - between celebration of and lament for humanity - is particularly possible for Arnold, since mankind has traded faith for science following the publication of On the Origin of Species and the rise of Darwinism. According to the poet, in a world that has been tormented by deception, lies, and gloom, love is the ultimate truth.
They suggest passages from the plays Antigone, The Women of Trachis, Oedipus at Colonus, and Philoctetes. It is a tender appeal to pause and participate as seeks companionship. The despondent and monotonous sound of the waves reminds him of the despair with which Sophocles observed the misery and suffering of human beings in life as he heard the melancholic sound of the waves of the Aegean Sea. The poem begins with a straightforward description of nature and the speaker calling his beloved to see the beautiful sea and to hear the sound of the waves. Only love can emerge as the guiding light to take people forward in the path of hope and light.
Arnold has in mind a society which has moved away from religious faith cherished in the past and is now torn between faith and the glamour of materialism. Then he turns the sound of the surf into a metaphor for human history, and the gradual, steady loss of faith that his culture has experienced. In the last paragraph, the poet turns to his beloved for comfort from the pain of the thought of human misery and fate. What hope is there for humanity? He describes the world as a dark plain which is becoming even darker as the time passes. Here he compares faith with the receding tides. Use of enjambment continuation of a clause or sentence to the next line of a poem gives the poem faster pace. It is a chilly prospect, like the breath of the night wind, and it brings into the mind a dreary feeling of helplessness, as though the mind is left stripped and bare on the vast and dreary edges of an unknown land.
The spiritual and religious faith that was once unbreakable was shivering now. The trembling rhythm continues slowly. The setting is inside a room, may be a hotel, on the coast of the English Channel near the English town Dover. Now this poet hears the sound of this Dover Beach, and he finds in it the same thought. The poet could anticipate the shift in human ideology from the Christian tradition to the impersonal world of Darwin and other scientists. The poet is once again plunged in despair as he looks on the dimly lit sea scape. They see the lights on the coast of France just twenty miles away, and the sea is quiet and calm.
Nobody is free from the eternal sufferings that human beings find themselves in. The speaker laments this decline of faith through melancholy diction. Our speaker is staring at the French coast some twenty miles away on the other side of the channel. The tone of the poem now changes from cheerful to melancholy. It only leaves behind the chill night wind whistling breath over the desolate beach with dull drear edges of the cliffs and raw naked pebbles shingles.