To fully cite a source requires two stages. For instance: Last, First M. For tips on citing your sources, keep reading! This should begin on a separate page at the end of your research paper or essay. An example would be as follows: Doe, John. One element is to provide an attribution in the text of your paper, and the second element is to properly format your reference. In this case, enclose the text in a free standing block of text aka block quote and omit any quotation marks. Accuracy Writers must always accurately quote the source.
Website Publisher, Date Month Year Published. Bronte 78 When citing long sections more than three lines of poetry, keep formatting as close to the original as possible. To list materials, follow the specific format for the kind of source you are using listed below : Book with one author: Lastname, Firstname. Title of article, essay, or chapter. Instead, it should appear centered one single-spaced line below the identification information and one single-spaced line above the first line of the paper. Personal communications like e-mail and interviews are not considered recoverable data, so they are not recorded in your References list at the end of the work.
Proceed the in-text citation with 'qtd. The period after the parenthetical reference is also retained. Reference list Place this part in your bibliography or reference list at the end of your assignment. When you directly quote the works of others in your paper, you will format quotations differently depending on their length. This is different from block quotes, above. If there is no author name or date available, use a shortened version of the web page title in your parentheses, along with n.
Use double quotation marks around the spoken words: Early in F. This should begin on a separate page at the end of your research paper or essay. Start the quotation on a new line, with the entire quote indented ½ inch from the left margin; maintain double-spacing. What Is a Long Quotation? Retrieval inhibition as an adaptive mechanism in human memory. Inquiries were made as to how it got there; I was obliged to confess, and in recompense for my cowardice and inhumanity was sent out of the house.
Reuse part of your thesis statement. It Takes Two; Brock 43. Quotations are effective in academic writing when used carefully and selectively. In no case do you single-space anything. The process for citing a quote which contains more than four lines of prose or text differs slightly from that of a shorter quote.
Quick Reference Guide This Webpage provides only simple illustrations for a few common quotations. Below are some basic guidelines for incorporating quotations into your paper. Use brackets and ellipses to add or subtract words. For example, the Kirkey article you are reading includes a quotation by Smith that you would like to include in your essay. The Importance of What We Care About. The question mark is not part of the quoted material, so it should be placed outside the closing quotation mark.
If you are quoting 3 or more lines of verse but want to omit one or more full lines, indicate the omission by a single line of spaced dots across the page, enclosed in square brackets, e. It can simply be incorporated into the paragraph in which you are using it. Note that sometimes writers encounter titles that do not follow these conventions while conducting research. From its birth in the late nineteenth century, progressive education has wrestled with the conflict within industrial society between pressure to increase specialization of knowledge and of professional work upholding disciplinary standards and pressure to integrate more fully an ever-widerning number of citizens into intellectually meaningful activity within mass society promoting social equity. Publications include books, newspapers, journal articles, magazines, etc. For an unpublished interview, list: Name of interviewee, job in discussion with the author, date.
Follow this rule for a quotation with an ellipses at the end as well, except when a parenthetical citation follows the ellipses. This article discusses rules for quoting both prose and quotes within quotes. Book with one author: Lastname, Firstname. Paraphrase, quote selectively, and avoid summary. If there are no page, chapter, paragraph, or section numbers in the original text, then no numbers should be included in the citation.