Other theories like humanism may reject completely the assumptions of theories like behavioralism and take a completely different approach to the study of behavior and personality. We have our own choices on what we choose to do and how we chose to take out this option. People can be capable of self-development and their own self-improvement. While psychoanalysis is closely identified with Sigmund Freud, it has been extended and modified since his early formulations. Each approach provides a different set of assumptions, processes, and applications. The Humanistic Perspective views the human nature as basically good, with a natural potential to maintain healthy, meaningful relationships and to make choices that are in the best interest of self and others.
This might have instilled fear on him, causing anxiety, panic attacks and depression. In doing this, it is believed they will be happier and satisfied with life. In humanistic psychology, humans have a hierarchy of needs; that is, there are certain things that everyone needs and certain needs that must be met before others can be pursued. As a result of their interactions with the environment and others, an individual forms a structure of the self or self-concept—an organized, fluid, conceptual pattern of concepts and values related to the self. Everyday, every movement is not entirely your own, but taken over by your psyche, your true feelings and wants. Firstly, the psychoanalytic theory states that human nature is viewed in a very negative and pessimistic manner whilst the humanistic approach is more optimistic about human nature. Humanistic Perspective I have chosen to discuss the behavioral perspective vs.
Maslow believed that the most basic drive was to become the person that one is capable of becoming and Rogers believed that the basic drive was to become the person that one truly is. The ego aims to find a compromise or common standing that would allow both the id and superego to come to a decision which is most beneficial. Instead, they blend elements from different approaches and tailor their treatment according to each client's needs. It was during this conference that the third force in psychology was named and the humanistic approach was born. Corey 2005 says says, Partly because of this historical connection and partly because of representative of existentialist thinking and humanistic thinking have not always clearly sorted out their views, the connection between the terms existentialism and humanism have tended to be confusing for students and theorists alike.
Similarities between the two approaches Although there are clear differences between the two theories, it is also evident that there are some similarities. This approach focuses on learning's role in developing both normal and abnormal behaviors. According to each theory, the Humanistic Perspective would be the most influential on the development of the individual, because it desires for the human race to advance, and also positively encourages us to take charge of our own fate. The psychoanalytic approach was criticized for the lack of empirical research as at the point of its development, there was not much prior research to refer to regarding personality psychology. The humanistic theory of psychology says that humans are constantly striving to become the best version of themselves that they can be.
Brown Aspects of Psychology Professor Trego November 8, 2012 Behaviorism, Cognitive, and Humanistic Behaviorism, cognitive and humanistic are all perspectives or theories of psychology. Three psychological approaches will be discussed in this essay, it will analyse the strengths and limitations of each the humanistic, cognitive and the humanistic approach. The ego The ego is the mediator between the id and superego and is pressurized by these two factors as well as reality at an unconscious level Comer et al. Some of the assumptions that are made by the psychodynamic approach… 897 Words 4 Pages Compare and contrast the various personality theories: Psychodynamic perspective, Behavioral and Social Cognitive perspective, Humanistic perspective, and Trait perspective and discuss which perspective you think is most applicable. In reference to my trait independence this is true. Psychodynamic theory is referred to in… 2328 Words 10 Pages Essay 1: Psychodynamic School vs. Their ideal self is thereby determined by others based on these conditions, and they are forced to develop outside of their own true actualizing tendency; this contributes to incongruence and a greater gap between the real self and the ideal self.
Many theories of psychology focus on what's lacking in the individual: this person has a chemical imbalance, which means he lacks some element in his brain; that person is guided by unresolved issues in her subconscious. The superego is split into two parts, conscience and the ego ideal. Each perspective has its own unique way of explaining the human behavior. It used to be we housed people away to ignore and get rid of them. What I mean by that is according to John B.
Carl Rogers: Carl Rogers was a prominent humanistic psychologist who is known for his theory of personality that emphasizes change, growth, and the potential for human good. This approach says that people are innately good and is motivated to reach their full potential Personality. His goal was to resolve the internal conflicts that lead to emotional suffering. Abraham Maslow is another theorist whose contribution to the Person Centred Approach is very significant. Humanistic Approach to Personality As several styles are used to define the personality, two are often used to subsidize another approach. Most self-actualizers had a great sense of awareness, maintaining a near-constant enjoyment and awe of life. Real Self Rogers further divided the self into two categories: the ideal self and the real self.
He believed that through working on fulfilling needs, the personality is developed Comer et al. Frankl became an influential existential psychologist reaching out to those who weighed down with despair and emptiness, although he endured the loss of his parents and wife. However, there is now no question as to the efficacy of behavioral psychology. Both of the theories have been put under criticism. These needs range from the most basic physiological needs for survival to higher-level self-actualization and transcendence needs. Carl Rogers is the man who is most often associated with this approach as well as Abraham Maslow.
The first force of psychology focused on psychodynamics- theories developed by Freud. Humanistic counseling also emphasizes change, evolution and self-determination. Along with this consideration of human nature, there are differences in thought about the influence that society places on personality development Lahey, 2009. The problem is that way back when, the Humanists disliked behavioralist because they felt it was reductionist and didn't recognize the human and fully human. The Conscious, the Preconscious, and the Unconscious Freud believed that most mental processes are unconscious.