Enrichment should become a motivator as pointed out by Herzberg. The objectives chart should be drafted so that the employee is aware what exactly he needs to achieve. The other method, job rotation is based on variety rather than quantity or quality: the employees are taking turns doing different jobs for short periods of time and get different but similarly challenging tasks. Disadvantages of job enlargement Increases work burden :- Job enlargement increases the work of the employee and not every company provides incentives and extra salary for extra work. Job enrichment is largely dependent on job enlargement, whereas job enlargement has no such dependency. It does not believe in external direction and control.
A is working as an executive with a company and is currently performing 3 activities on his job after job enlargement or through job enlargement we add 4 more activities to the existing job so now Mr. Job enlargement can be explained with the help of the following example - If Mr. The objective of job enlargement is to motivate an employee by increasing his efforts and exposure towards achieving the organizational objectives as set for the job. Job Enlargement, a job design technique in which the number of tasks associated with a job is increased and appropriate training provided to add greater variety to activities, thus reducing monotony. The employee focuses more on job depth, which does not happen in job enlargement.
As an example, we'll look at John, an accountant in a large corporation. Some motivational theories suggest that the boredom and alienation caused by the division of labour can actually cause efficiency to fall. For the company Employees usually feel valuable when assigned more responsibility and autonomy, so they are more likely to go the extra mile. Job enlargement is horizontal, whereas job enrichment is vertical expansion. A fresh change helps re-develop the excitement of contributing towards the company. In job enlargement the job holder may need more external direction and control in view of enlargement of the scope of his responsibilities. As manufacturers strove to increase productivity and maximize profits, the importance of job satisfaction emerged and the field of job design was born.
Hulin and Blood 1968 define job enlargement as the process of allowing individual workers to determine their own pace within limits , to serve as their own inspectors by giving them responsibility for quality control, to repair their own mistakes, to be responsible for their own machine set-up and repair, and to attain choice of method. These job enlargement advantages can provide overall job satisfaction and growth in the field of work. This is one of the important advantages of such job enrichment. In job enrichment the employee uses his own capabilities of self-direction and control. It helps them to learn complementary skills and make them feel more competent, more expert in their field. The purpose of job enlargement is to reduce the monotony in performing certain repetitive jobs by lengthening the cycle of operations. Role Job Enlargement has an important role in positively influencing the employee productivity.
And such type of mis-communication can lead the company to its end. Despite these similarities, they differ from each other in the following few ways. Disadvantages of Job Enrichment: It is necessary to understand that job enrichment not just comes with all the beneficial and motivational elements. This increases the work-load on employees significantly. The employees of the company possibly keep a professional approach in the company.
It is even possible that job enrichment can mean a little extra for the employees in terms of their work load provided. However, management must be careful not to enlarge jobs too much, because jobs that require more skills and ability than the worker possesses lead to frustration and present obstacles to task accomplishment. Job enlargement involves increasing the duties and responsibilities associated at the same job level. Job enrichment is a management concept that involves redesigning jobs so that they're more challenging to the employee and have less repetitive work. And there is even a possibility that employees can take things in a completely different way and the company can end up suffering because of that decision. It simply means adding a few more motivators to a job to make it more rewarding. He's been doing this for a couple of years now, and the tasks required each month are found in a checklist he works down for each company.
When such people apply foe jobs to other companies they can bargain for more salary. Reduces absenteeism: It is possible that after the company goes with a decision of job enrichment, it can reduce the number of absenteeism in the workplace. Find sources: — · · · · May 2016 Job enlargement means increasing the scope of a through extending the range of its job duties and generally within the same level and periphery. Job enrichment adds variety to employees' duties, which can reduce their workplace boredom. Proponents of job enrichment activities say they increase employees' job satisfaction through improving the workplace and the quality of the business product or service. Nature Job Enlargement is a horizontal expansion of a job, which means the addition of extra duties and tasks to the same job. Job rotation, enrichment and job enlargement play a crucial role in ones career growth as they not only prepare employees for unpredictable circumstances but also help them acquire additional skills and gain new knowledge.
Deciding when to tackle which assignment is an example of self-scheduling. Job enrichment has a greater motivational impact than job enlargement. Job Enlargement vs Job Enrichment The difference between job enrichment and job enlargement is quality and quantity. Job enlargement is doing different tasks and not just the same thing all the time. To avoid monotonous work, a change in the job can be implemented.
The purpose of job enrichment is to make the job more lively, challenging and satisfying. Feedback plays an important part in creating this knowledge: whether it comes from a co-worker or a manager, it helps the employees decided if they got closer to the desired outcome or not. Job Enrichment is a vertical expansion of a job, which means it involves an expansion of functions and responsibilities of the employee. While for some employees means an appreciation and, simply, more responsibility, others will use their new status to try to rule or discipline their co-workers. Like most entrepreneurs, your early startup days were far from glamorous. Job enrichment, when compared to job enlargement, not only includes more duties and responsibilities, but also gives the right of decision making and control.
Job enrichment means improvement, or an increase with the help of upgrading and development, whereas enlargement means to add more duties, and an increased workload. Therefore, the fact is that job enrichment is beneficial not only for the employee but it is very important for the employer as well. People with proven skills are generally presented with better career opportunities. Begin a cross-functional training program that enables employees to learn skills and business strategies from other departments. Instead, he found the motivation of the workforce is only increased by internal factors motivators , such as achievement and recognition, responsibility, or advancement and growth. Collaborate with local colleges or professors to set up informational sessions to give your employees an idea of the opportunities available to them. By job enrichment, an employee finds satisfaction in respect to their position and personal growth potential, whereas job enlargement refers to having additional duties and responsibilities in a current job description.