Instead, the one member who had a vote only on legislative questions came to be appointed by the Sovereign, and the other three members by the. After the resignation of the Congress provincial ministries in 1939, the governors did directly rule the ex-Congress provinces throughout the war. Macmillan Publishing Company, 1991, p. The remaining princely rulers were overseen either by the and , which were headed by representatives of the Viceroy, or by provincial authorities. Disclosing of Property All civil and military officers of the East India Company were ordered to provide the Court of Directors a full inventory of their property in India and in Britain within two months of their joining their posts.
However, once India acquired independence, the Governor-General's role became almost entirely ceremonial, with power being exercised on a day-to-day basis by the Indian cabinet. The Art of the Possible. The Act of 1786 In 1786, an Act of Parliament made the British subjects in India subject to the Courts for all criminal offences. Everything is done in the name of the King but does the King ever interfere? From 1858 to 1947, the Governor-General was known as the Viceroy of India from the French roi, meaning 'king' , and wives of Viceroys were known as Vicereines from the French reine, meaning 'queen'. New Delhi: Allied Publishers Ltd. Supplementary questions could be asked.
Though the police played a vital role in maintaining law and order, it never became popular. Although the Simon Commission had taken evidence in India, it had met with opposition there, and its conclusions weren't accepted by the largest political party. This process of reducing number of members from 4 to 3 was to strengthen the position of the Governor General because now, he was able to get any resolution passed even with the help of one member in his side. It provided for a joint government of the Company represented by the Directors , and the Crown represented by the Board of Control. A different approach was considered by some, though, as the draft outline constitution in the included such a bill of rights. This Secret Committee was to work as a link between the Board of control and the Court of Directors.
The Charter Act of 1813 abolished the trading activities of the Company and henceforth became purely an administrative body under the Crown. The Act restricted the Court of Directors to four-year terms. The acts of 1919 and 1935 were enactments, the former giving legal expression to the - reforms and the latter to the results of discussions in 1930—33. A six member board of controllers was set up for political activities and Court of directors for financial activities. It provided for a body of six commissioners, known as the Board of Control, to superintend, direct and control the affairs of the Company in India.
This act continued in effect till 1858. The funding for the British responsibilities and foreign obligations e. The Viceroy was empowered to appoint an additional six to twelve members changed to ten to sixteen in 1892, and to sixty in 1909. It was expected that enough would join to allow the establishment of the Federation. In 1791, a superintendent of police for Calcutta was appointed and soon other cities were placed in the charge of Kotwals. Under this system the company could initiate proposals subject to revising and directing authority of the Board of Control. The representative of the became known once again as the Governor-General.
He became known as the President of the Board of Control, and occupied a position in the Government of the day corresponding to some extent to that of the secretary of state for India. The Act helped the unification of India by making the Governor-General supreme over the Governors of the other Presidencies. In reality, the Federation, as planned in the Act, almost certainly was not viable and would have rapidly broken down with the British left to pick up the pieces without any viable alternative. Pitt India Act, 1784 1. It provided for a Board of Control of 6 privy councilors. After 1947, the Sovereign continued to appoint the Governor-General, but thereafter did so on the advice of the newly-sovereign.
Better provision was made for the trial in England for offences committed in India. We did not want to spare the diehards as we had to talk in a different language… These various meetings — and in due course G. The Viceregal Lodge now houses the. It introduced what is known as the system of dual control of England over India. The Charter Act 1833 made further changes to the structure of the Council.
After the nation became a republic in 1950, the continued to perform the same functions. The British Government felt obliged to respond to humanitarian calls for better treatment of local peoples in British-occupied territories. He also ended an inappropriate division of authority in India by making the governor general supreme over the subordinate governments of Bombay and Madras. The Act also granted legislative powers to the Governor-General and Council. Archived from on 17 July 2012.
Thus the grudging conditional concessions of power in the Acts of 1919 and 1935 caused more resentment and signally failed to win the Raj the backing of influential groups in India which it desperately needed. Empire, politics and the creation of the 1935 India Act: last act of the raj Routledge, 2016. The British parliament passed the Amending Act of 1781, also known as the Act of Settlement. British crown as well as the East India Company Dual system of government. A Board of six members was constituted with two members of the British Cabinet and four of the Privy Council.