Here they signed a pact, which came to be known as the Gandhi-Irwin Pact. The events which led to the passing of the Quit India Movement include: a Failure of the Cripps Mission The mission did not bring with it any promise of Independence and did not grant the right of self-determination to the Muslims. This led to the meeting of Gandhi and Lord Irwin, the viceroy in March 1931. The second phase ended in April 1934, four years after its launch. In December, the Government came down heavily on the protestors. He formed the Natal Indian Congress and suffered imprisonment. Public meetings and processions were declared unlawful.
The second myth had been challenged by Satyagraha through mass struggle. Terror of British administration disappeared. Although the Congress leadership was against class war, the masses broke this restraint. In July 1921, the Ali brothers gave a call to the Muslims to resign from the Army as that was unreligious. Mahatma Gandhi returned to Indian in January, 1915. Beginning in March 1921 there were campaigns of non-cooperation against the foreign regulations.
Heaps of foreign cloths were burnt publicly and their imports fell by half. During this Conference, Gandhi could not reach agreement with the Muslims on Muslim representation and safeguards. Mass base of Congress was expanded. However, their real effectiveness lay in the political mobilisation of the masses and the half-hearted constitutional reforms extended by the British government. Therefore, Indians and Muslims adopted aggressive anti-British attitude. Boycott of courts, government schools and colleges.
Still a section of the big business remained critical of the Non-Cooperation Movement. Significance of the Non-Cooperation Movement: 1. Rajgopalachari stressed that the council boycott was a central part of the Gandhian Programme. A select committee was appointed for the actual drafting of the constitutional scheme. This was formed by the British Government that included solely the members of the British Parliament, in November 1927, to draft and formalize a constitution for India. The final blow to Gandhi came when at the end of the conference Ramsay MacDonald undertook to produce a Communal Award for minority representation, with the provision that any free agreement between the parties could be substituted for his award.
Raju talked of the greatness of Gandhi and persuaded people to wear khadhi and give up drinking. In Assam, strikes in tea plantations, steamer services, Assam-Bengal Railways had been organised. Das were not willing to include a boycott of councils, but bowed to Congress discipline; these leaders boycotted elections held in November 1920 and the majority of the voters too stayed away ; iv. Under the command of Brigadier-General Reginald Dyer, soldiers fired by blocking the exit path of the ground. With a view towards achieving the aforementioned purposes, to publish and distribute periodicals, magazines, books and other writings. The All India Khilafat Conference held in Delhi in November 1919, a call made for Boycott of British goods. This is also the reason for the formers much longer duration compared to the latter.
The non-cooperation movement was based on perfect non-violence. They were particularly afraid of labour unrest in the factories following the Non-Cooperation Movement. . Ask each student to perform each of the following non-locomotor movements individually:. Students came out of the government educational institutions. It was a peaceful gathering which soon turned in to a most gruesome bloodshed killing 379 protesters and injuring thousands. Popularizing swadeshi goods and khadi.
The most successful aspect of the non-cooperation movement was the boycott of elections. Peasants, tribals and workers joined the movement from thecountryside. Second Round Table Conference: Gandhi attended The Second Round Table Conference in London accompanied by Smt. With the Non-Cooperation Movement, nationalist sentiments reached every nook and corner of the country and politicised every strata of population—the artisans, peasants, students, urban poor, women, traders etc. The British used brutal suppression and police attacks to break the popular opposition. The act gave unbridled powers to the government. The movement was to be nonviolent and to consist of Indians resigning their titles; government educational institutions, the courts, government service, foreign goods, and elections; and, eventually, refusing to pay taxes.
The Viceroy was also informed of the stance assumed by the Congress. Irwin was unwilling to negotiate, then Gandhiji took the decision along with 78 followers and started a march from the Sabarmati Ashram on 12th March, 1930 for Dandi, the coastal town of Gujarat. Promotion of harmony between the Hindus and the Muslims. He launched this campaign as a protest against the 1919 Jallianwala Bagh massacre and Rowlatt Act. This time, they were angered by the treatment meted out to Turkey by the British after the First World War. The offer proposed Dominion Status for India after the war. In 1940, the Muslim League demanded the division of India into two autonomous States.