Utilitarianism: morality is the result of an act. Aristotle believed ethical actions were the mean, or average, between two points of extreme vice. Deontological Ethics There are two major ethics theories that attempt to specify and justify moral rules and principles: utilitarianism and deontological ethics. This is a deontological system which determines whether an act is moral not its consequence. When the action that is right is finalized there are always repercussions for actions that are not completed. Of these four, the ethics of care theory is the strongest and most readily relatable to the profession of psychiatry and nursing while the three aforementioned ones are not. The differences between the three ethics are, utilitarianism is an act that focuses on consequences.
There are a number of ethical theories that have been introduced throughout nursing including the widely agreed upon four; deontology, utilitarianism, virtue ethics and ethics of care. Virtue ethics is the character of a person not the actions of a person. Now, we move onto deontology. Ethics, Human, Immanuel Kant 1659 Words 5 Pages Compare and Contrast Utilitarianism with Christian Ethics The ethical teachings and values of utilitarianism and Christian ethics are similar in some aspects, yet however are diverse in others. Furthermore, I will be discussing which theory I believe is right in regards to the best… 1345 Words 6 Pages of Deontology, along with Jeremy Bentham and James Mills, the founders of Utilitarianism, all attempted to answer this question.
Introduction on Utilitarianism Utilitarianism theory also called the greatest happiness principle can be identified as the normative ethics for the actions to maximize utility in a purpose in order to achieve the maximizing of happiness and minimizing the suffering Iancu, Popescu and Popescu, 2010. Deontological ethics is in observance of the Scriptures, accepted ethical rule and perceptions from common logic. This is sometimes simplified into being character based ethics. It may seem unethical to kill another living creature without necessity, but deontological ethics would justify the process based on a higher moral code that is ultimately more beneficial for society. There is more than one type of ethics. All individuals that are from other culture and proficient and predominately speak a language other than English would be hurt by English only rules.
Include the following in your essay: o A description of the differences in how each theory addresses ethics and morality o A personal experience to explain the relationship between virtue, values, and moral concepts as they relate to one of the three theories Comparing and contrasting ethical theories helps one to understand ones guidance system which helps or aides one through their decision making process. The words deon and lagos makeup the word deontology. Before starting these readings and this class I was very aware of the role that ethics, morals and values played in our daily lives but I was very unaware the specific names that identify the different types of ethics. Utilitarianism vs Deontology Though people tend to consider the two terms Utilitarianism and Deontology as similar, there are certain differences between the two terms. Hallworth San Francisco State University Utilitarianism is a consequentialist theory holding that moral actions are based on the maximization of overall happiness, defined as the Utility Principle. Sur Lecturer Virtue ethics The major issue of concern in ethics is that of selecting the most appropriate action that an individual finds himself or herself comfortable with. The virtue of the Navy is characteristic to an all-volunteer force serving today.
This employee will do what his boss told him to do, because he is required to honor his boss's directions. Concluding that being ethical is simply identifying and obeying those duties and following those rules. Why do many people consider Socrates to be a martyr for truth and integrity? However, if you see that the other citations are accurate and this student has had no history of dishonest conduct,. To follow the set rules and regulations can be one of the weaknesses and strengths of deontology. Deontological ethics, Ethics, Immanuel Kant 857 Words 5 Pages answer that question. An accidental action could not be judged as being moral, nor would obeying speed limits be moral if the only reason for obeying is that you feared receiving a speeding ticket. Similarities and Differences in Virtue Theory, Utilitarianism, and Deontological Ethics When talking about ethics it is hard to distinguish between ethics and morality.
Teleological ethics denotes even if the act was wrong but the outcome turned out good then it is considered good. In being right or wrong, however, I feel that deontology and the categorical imperative is more accurate in justifying what we do as right or wrong, because a standard for all humans to be measured against is much more accurate than a hypothetical imperative, which may change from one circumstance to the next. Virtue ethics state that the man must be ideal and righteous and moral, and have the criminal punished despite the fact that he is his son. With utilitarianism, an action is ethical if it reaps the greatest reward. It takes the viewpoint that in living your life you should try to cultivate excellence in all that you do and all that others do. It does not matter what option one has to take but it matters if the selected option is defines the moral duties Lafollette, 27.
Bases of Ethics We have all faced difficult moral situations. In many cases, I believe it is better to rely on instinct and personal beliefs to make the best decisions. A father in poverty may be forced to steal or engage in illegal activities to support his family. This means that it tends to be more of a feeling of what's right and wrong as opposed to being a set of actual rules or guidelines. It was a day of walking to raise money for a cure, along with games and contest to raise money for the foundation.
It was not something I had to do, but felt a need to support an organization that would help benefit research to find a cure for sick animals. Deontology says that if the action is not moral in character or nature then the outcome too cannot be moral or ethical. . The Ethic Similarities There are similarities within the three perspectives of virtue, utilitarianism, and deontological ethics. There is overlap in the theories that result in the same conduct in a moral situation although for different reasons under the different applicable theories. He was famous for thinking deeply, which is one of the reasons his philosophies are still discussed some 2,500 years later! Both are similar in meaning and so both could be used in a written sentence or by word of mouth.
Thus, consequentiality becomes very important in this school of thought. Contemplation Versus Action Some have argued whether deep contemplation with less action is preferable over continuous action with less contemplation. According to our electronic readings for this week we can all agree that ethics in general are a basic set of rules or ideals of right and wrong conduct in daily life Boylan, 2009. Therefore, it is an ethics concept for achieve the great happiness of majority. There are two types of rules the Hypothetical rule and the categorical rule. Personal Experience Each of the three ethical theories described above can be applied to different aspects of my life. The theory focuses on helping people have great character traits that are accepted in the society.
This is a question asked by many philosophers in an attempt to get to the bottom of how individual attainment and fulfillment affect society and vice versa. It is his duty to provide a better shelter for his family, and it is also his duty to save his son's life. Utilitarianism ethics are ethics of consequences. Focusing on consequences also establishes consistency and therefore minimizes conflicts. One of the most stated examples of this concept is in nursing. Contingency theories emphasize the numerous variables that may range in any given hindrance that make one context exceptional from an additional. Bernard Williams writes Utilitarianism: For and Against the theory.