Human Communication Research, 13 1 , 34—38. The Internet has been thought to broaden the way people communicate and build relationships by providing a medium in which people could be open-minded and and circumvent traditional limitations like time and place. Information, thoughts, or feelings we tell others about ourselves that they would not otherwise know. Computer-mediated communication has also been thought to even speed up the intimacy process because computers allow individual communication to be more, rather than less, open and accommodating about the characteristics of the person or persons involved. We expect when we reveal something about ourselves that others will reciprocate. However, if they reply with 'No', then they have received a punishment which in turn would stop them from repeating an action like that in the future.
It's a process of revealing ourselves; and expressing our feelings towards moderate topics, such as the government, education and so on. However, in a relationship that is already very familiar often we do not even concerned about some of the differences between the two sides, and we tend to appreciate each of these differences. Words: 365 - Pages: 2. Irwin Altman and Dalmas Taylor describe this progression from superficial to intimate levels of communication in social penetration theory, which is often called the Onion Theory because the model looks like an onion and involves layers that are peeled away. Freud is a pioneer in encouraging his patients to totally open up in psychotherapy. Uncertainty and social penetration theory expectations about relationship communication: A comparative test.
Nurses could apply the theory into daily interactions with patients, as doctors could in their articulations when consulting or announcing. This does not necessarily refer to , but how open and close someone can become with another person despite their over self-disclosure. In my following paper I will discuss the Social Learning Theory, and will explain how this theory relates to my current workplace and how it would generate the same results in any other organizations. Social work is about dealing with society and the issues they have in their daily life. For example, one can like a person, but disapprove of their habits. It enables individuals to know each other and plays a crucial role in determining how far a relationship can go, because gradual exploration of mutual selves is essential in the process of social penetration. Disclosure reciprocity occurs when the openness of one person is reciprocated with the same degree of the openness from the other person.
This layer is usually only open to certain people, the closest example. But it still fails to answer the question, why? A computer firm hires a public relations company to deepen the relationship of the computer with the public. Relationships become more important to both parties, more meaningful and more enduring. This is because as mutual disclosure take place between individuals, they might feel a sense of emotional equity. In the early days of our relationship with the one we usually see the physical appearance or external appearance of the person, background in common, and many similarities or similarities to the things you like or liked. Altman and Taylor 1973 discusses how the development of closeness in a relationship.
In the relationship, if both parties are dyad, the cost exceeds the rewards. Collectivist cultures place value on the group and therefore adopt a conflict style of avoiding or integrating to give others mutual face. They require effort and sacrifice, and at times, give rise to the question, why bother? Altman and his co authors continue to say that it matches self disclosure patterns with reinforcement dynamics. Some have photo-sharing or video-sharing capabilities; others have built-in blogging and instant messaging technology. We communicate information about ourselves, whether or not we are aware of it. It is because when intimate relationship is dissolving, a wide range of judgments, feelings and evaluations, particularly the negative ones, are involved in conversations.
By resource, biomechanics developed during the early 1970s Molyneux 2010. Factors other woods are also taken into consideration is the tone of voice, intonation, topics discussed, warmth talk, and so on. The social learning theory has been noted and acknowledged within the psychology community for some time now and was greatly shaped by psychologist, Albert Bandura. The information given in any relationship, whether acquaintance or a well-established relationship, should be voluntarily shared, otherwise it does not follow the laws of reciprocity, and would fall under the verbal leakage umbrella, or the stranger-on-the-train phenomenon. People typically tend to go through each phase before getting to a state where they can establish they have reached a more intimate relationship with a person.
A Primer on Communication and Communicative Disorders. According to Altman, 1973 et. Cyberpsychology: Journal of Psychosocial Research on Cyberspace. It is also very important benchmarks. The capabilities that create a competitive advantage come from people, their skill, discipline, motivation, ability to solve problems and their capacity for learning.
People try to predict the outcome of an interaction before it takes place. This belief can be about a political candidate, a consumer product, a government agency or a style of music. Fourth, self-disclosure is the key to facilitate relationship development. Stage 1- Initiating This is the stage when you first meet someone. A First Look at Communication Theory 9th ed.
According to Altman and Taylor, relationships are sustained when they are relatively rewarding when the outcome is positive and discontinued when they are relatively costly when the outcome is negative. Public Penetration The purpose of public relations is to acquaint the public with a particular product. If it turns out we chatted for longer than 1 hour, let's say 1 hour 30 minutes then we would rate it more than satisfactory. Muted Group Theory Muted Group Theory states that because language is man-made women remain reduced and excluded. My Career Ambitions Lizeth Machain What you want vs.
The common contraceptives used were birth control pills, birth control implants, injectable birth control and the male condom. How deep is their relationship? People achieve the breadth via posting about their everyday lives and sharing surface information while developing intimate relationships with great depth by sending private Facebook messages and creating closed groups. There are times when we reluctantly had to quickly familiarize themselves with a particular person, and we do not have another choice. Sometimes the most innocent reference or comment can produce conflict when the conversational partners have little prior history. The theory is sometimes referred to as the onion theory of personality. Groupthink is when groups make faulty decisions because they fail to critically analyzing their options and weigh alternatives. If a person receives a positive reinforcement, they feel more secure to disclose themselves especially on personal issues like relationships or intimate things.