Such groups are characterized by common purposes, such as administering property or defending against attacks; they form a permanent social structure that persists well beyond the lifespan of their members. Three sociological theories, conflict, structural functionalism and symbolic interaction explain the different aspects of the family institution and the problem of why these types of crime occur. Finally… Bullying and Suicide The three perspectives in Sociology are Functionalism, Conflict Theory and Symbolic interactionist. In the theory of differential association it explains that when we have two groups with different attitudes and behaviors we inter imbalance where we have to choose which attitude or behavior… The three sociological perspectives used to analyze social institutions are the structural functional, conflict and symbolic interactionist perspectives. Conflict theorists criticized functionalism's concept of systems as giving far too much weight to integration and consensus, and neglecting independence and conflict. According to structural-functionalist, society is a system of interconnected parts that work together in harmony to maintain a state of balance and social equilibrium for the whole. The social theory should tie in behavioral and social scientific concept on it analysis because it is derived from hard sciences Ritzer 2008:192.
The social dysfunction of education includes not getting good grades, a job. Characteristics of Functionalism and Conflict Theory: View of the Society: Functionalism: The society is viewed as a system that consists of different parts. This theory views society as a system of groups that are not equal, and therefore consistently generate conflict and change. Conflict theorists assume that social structure is based on the dominance of some groups over others. In addition, Lewis Coser tries to combine the structural functionalism and conflict theory together Kivisto 2013: 211. Consequently, there is a social dysfunction referred to as any social pattern that may disrupt the operation of society.
Parts of society such as businesses, families, and governments work together in a systematic way that is usually good for the whole. Many colleges don't offer equal sports for men and women, even though the U. Functionalism, conflict theory, and symbolic interactionism are the main perspectives. Between the two theories, one might prefer one theory more than the other in some cases because of the way a situation is explained. I played soccer in high school, so think about soccer for a second. Two key structural functionalism theorists are Talcott Parsons and Robert Merton.
Within sociology, theories attempt to explain why groups of people choose to perform certain actions and how societies function or change in a certain way. There have been several major approaches to structural functionalism. Symbolic interactionists appreciate social life through social interactions. Amish society exemplifies mechanical solidarity. Organic systems are defined by the interrelatedness of systems dependent on exchange of information.
So this means that not only are people classified by their race, and gender, but they are also classified by their income and the type of lifestyles that they obtain. The society that we live is forever changing and there is need to evaluate changes in society and evaluate the things that create changes. Conflict theorists see an arena in which groups fight for power Wallace, Wolf, 68. Another example is religious symbols. For example, each of the social institutions contributes important functions for society: family provides a context for reproducing, nurturing, and socializing children; education offers a way to transmit society's skills, knowledge, and culture to its youth; politics provides a means of governing members of society; economics provides for the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services; and religion provides moral guidance and an outlet for worship of a higher power. Crime creates the need for the employment of police officers, criminal investigators, prosecutors, defense.
There are several different ways to explain deviant behavior and crime in society. Karl Marx is known for studying the conflicts that occur between different classes. Social functionalism perspective refers to the structures or institutions that shape a society Kivisto 2013:197. Reflecting to the past should help us to not repeat the sames mistakes we've already made. Every society is built on the bases of what is important for them and the survival of it's members.
From a large scale, Buckley identified three types of system: organic system, mechanical systems, and sociocultural systems and identified each system based on it communication transfer. His hypothesis is that societies characterized by too much or too little integration or regulation will have serious societal problems The main assumptions of Functionalism are that a society is a system of integrated parts; social systems tend to be stable because they have built-in mechanisms of control. Authority is located not within people but within various positions. Without theories, we'd just have a huge list of individual tendencies, or decisions people make, or types of people, but we wouldn't have any way of organizing the field. A metaphor for the structural-functional approach is the human body.
The study of society and its structural balance can seem very complicated and quite disturbing at times. Caucasian men and women between the age of 20 to 30 middle and lower class parents are likely to commit filicide. But, they are still serving the interests of the system as a whole. I really enjoyed learning about the different perspectives and understanding each point of view. The third point states that these systems have a need for stability and a need to try to keep all the parts working together congruously in a sort of system. Functionalism all but ignores this aspect. Robert Merton attempted to modify some of the weaknesses within structural functionalism perspective.
The theory ultimately attributes humanitarian efforts, altruism, democracy, civil rights, and other positive aspects of society to capitalistic designs to control the masses, not to inherent interests in preserving society and social order. Other sociologists study the impact this growing international culture has on smaller, less-powerful local cultures. Parsons theories were highly abstract. People engage in conflict everyday to gain more power then others in society. Comparison of Theories - Comparison of Theories - View of Deviance Structural-Functional Approach Social-Conflict Approach Symbolic Interaction Approach Sees society as a complex system whose parts work together to promote solidarity and stability. The two theories are similar in their views of structure and culture. The theory of functionalism values the integration of all parts of society.
In every society, it is important to maintain the status quo so that the society can function effectively. Sociological theories help us to explain and predict the social world in which we live. For example, the manifest function of education is to transmit knowledge and skills to society's youth. The perspective of Coser offers and helps us better appreciate the many ways that conflictual behavior may lead to social adjustment and progress. Another noted structural functionalist, Robert Merton 1910—2003 , pointed out that social processes often have many functions.