Where is Mediterranean Agriculture found? Compare and Contrast commercial and subsistence agriculture 3. Ex: Most food consumed today is a product of commercial agriculture. What is ranching and how important is it in the U. Agriculture The deliberate effort to modify a portion of Earth's surface through the cultivation of crops and the raising of livestock for sustenance or economic gain. If Varsity Tutors takes action in response to an Infringement Notice, it will make a good faith attempt to contact the party that made such content available by means of the most recent email address, if any, provided by such party to Varsity Tutors. Increase exports from surplus countries 2. What are two challenges faced by commercial farmers? This practice has harmful effects of rainforests in which it is practiced and does not produce high yield for its farmers, causing ecological and economic problems.
Drug Crops - Yes, it is what you're thinking - Describe all 4 strategies to Increase the food supply- Hunting and gathering vs. A wide variety of crops grown in a small space. Genetic engineering generically modified organisms Organisms who's genetics were specifically chosen through ancestors for a reason rectangular survey system Aka public land survey. Ticket out of the Door: Ch. A process of spatial competition allocates various farming activities into rings around a central market city, with profit-earning capability the determining force in how far a crop locates from the market Linear: settlement of buildings formed in a long line. Term Double-cropping Definition Def: The practice of growing two crops in the same space during one growing season. The larger the world population grows, the more innovations are made to make feeding the expanding population possible.
Term Crop rotation Definition Def: The practice of growing a series of dissimilar types of crops in the same area in sequential seasons, in order to lessen soil nutrient depletion. The third agricultural revolution was the introduction of genetic engineering into farming, which started worldwide in the late 20th century. Secondary economic activities: Activities ex. Von Thenen based his general model of the spatial arrangement of different crops on his experience as a owner of a large estate. The second agricultural revolution was the industrialization of farming in Europe, during the 17th century. The Dust Bowl drought, which occurred in the first half of the 1930s was the most severe drought in American history and led to widespread famine and forced migration. Term Dairying Definition Def: An agricultural enterprise where the primary goal is long-term milk production.
Ex: This strategy is commonly used in California, and is particularly receptive to fruit and grain growing. Term Truck farming Definition Def: A larger-scale version of market farming. Ex: Pesticides gained prevalence during this period. Ticket out of the Door Ch. Why do people consume different foods? Explain at least two challenges faced by commercial farmers 2. Ex: Tobacco Term Market gardening Definition Def: The relatively small-scale production of fruits, vegetables and flowers as cash crops, frequently sold directly to consumers and restaurants. Tertiary economic activities are those service industries that connect producers to consumers and facilitate commerce and trade or help people meet their needs.
It will be graded for accuracy; so work on consistently between now and the exam. This term could also refer to hydroponic plant cultivation. Term Primogeniture Definition Def: The right, by law or custom, of the first-born male to inherit the entire estate, to the exclusion of younger siblings and females. It is due on the day of the unit exam and is worth 3 homework assignments. Round: settlement around a certain center or area Clustered: a settlement where buildings are clustered around a particular point Walled: settlement within a closed structure that divides and separates from the rest of the land.
Labor Force in Agriculture, 2005 1. Ex: Fresh vegetables have been grown in space using this technique. Locate and describe where undernourishment is highest and conclude why that is the case. Over time this causes the land to become infertile. Ex: The few traditional Native Americans in existence practice this. Explanation: Desertification is the process by which deserts expand or arise.
Ex: Most food fish on sale today have been grown in fish farms-aquaculture at work. Term Subsistence agriculture Definition Def: Agriculture practiced primarily in order to feed one's own family. Term Luxury crops Definition Def: High-priced, relatively rare crops which are inessential to human survival. Explain where and when Agriculture originated 2. Term Agricultural Revolutions Definition Def: The first agricultural revolution was the discovery of agriculture in the Fertile Crescent of Asia, 14,000 years ago. Standard: 11 Section: Case Study. Ex: Tomatoes, onions, and marigolds are commonly planted together, as the marigolds help ward off pests from the tomato and onion cash crops.
Certain parts of Asia are also very affected by desertification. Term Thomas Malthus Definition Def: An influential British scholar, famous for his theories on demography and political economy. It must be completed in order to receive credit. Make a conclusion about which type of agriculture is most important to international trading around the world 1. Make a conclusion about which type of agriculture is most important to international trading around the world. From a global perspective, how do recent trends impact farmer? Term Transhumance Definition The seasonal migration of livestock between mountain and lowland pastures.
Explain what food security, undernourishment, and dietary energy consumption are. It is most common in densely populated areas of the world where large-scale farming has been common for a long period of time. Term Slash-and-Burn Agriculture Definition Another name for shifting cultivation, fields are cleared by slashing vegetables and burning debris. Cards Term Agribusiness Definition Def: Farming engaged in as a large-scale business operation embracing the production, processing, and distribution of agricultural products and the manufacture of farm machinery, equipment, and supplies. Ex: As the world population booms, this sort of farm is being more and more prevalent. What are the main reasons for the variety of agricultural practices in the world? Term Shifting cultivation Definition Def: An agricultural system in which plots of land are cultivated temporarily, then abandoned due to soil infertility. Term Mediterranean agriculture Definition Def: An agro-ecological strategy catering to the warm, dry summers and mild winters of the lands surrounding the Mediterranean Sea.