Finally he decided that more andante was faster, but then he had to write out an explanation. A short theme the subject is introduced in one voice or part alone, then in others, with imitation and characteristic development as the piece progresses. A Musical Life: Writings and Letters, p. The sequence of the movements in a concerto generally is fast-slow-fast. Trill - Rapid alternation between notes that are a half tone or whole tone apart.
Most often to honor God. Chants are believed to have a calming effect on the listener. . Round - A canon where the melody is sung in two or more voices. Fifth - The interval between two notes. Sequence - A successive transposition and repetition of a phrase at different pitches.
Main voice, chief part i. Deceptive cadence - A chord progression that seems to lead to resolving itself on the final chord; but does not. Contralto - Lowest female singing voice. Ensemble - The performance of either all instruments of an orchestra or voices in a chorus. The term has had varied meanings during different music eras, and during the Baroque period, the trio sonata was one of the most popular forms of sonata often for two violins and continuo. For example, double stops describe playing notes simultaneously on two strings, and triple stops mean playing notes simultaneously on three strings.
Recital - A solo concert with or without accompaniment. Later it became a written out passage to display performance skills of an instrumentalist or performer. Semplice means to perform in a simple, unadorned, natural manner. The notes occupy the same position. Minor - One of the two modes of the tonal system. Slur - A curve over notes to indicate that a phrase is to be played legato. Just as all other museums, a music museum is a specialized institution that collects, preserves and documents the treasures of musical history.
Very little; superlative of poco poco A little, as in poco più allegro a little faster poco rall a gradual decrease in speed poco a poco Little by little poetico Poetic discourse poi Then, indicating a subsequent instruction in a sequence; diminuendo poi subito fortissimo, for example: getting softer then suddenly very loud pomposo Pompous, ceremonious ponticello pont. For string players, this involves both the right and left hand. Some interpret it as simply meaning strict time, as opposed to rubato or other loose tempo indications. In a noble fashion noblezza Nobility Fr. Carol - A song or hymn celebrating Christmas.
The return from divisi is marked unisono: see in this list. Hymn - A song of praise and glorification. Arpeggios or arpeggi are also patterns. See for further information; and compare portamento in this list. To strike the strings with the bow on a bowed stringed instrument Horizontal or diagonal line used to connect multiple consecutive.
Tonality - The tonal characteristics determined by the relationship of the notes to the tone. On piano refers to use of the which controls whether the hammer strikes one or three strings; see , below. Tempo, however, is more of a reference point used to informmusicians how to express the emotional ideas originally experiencedby the composer. Verismo - A form of Italian opera beginning at the end of the 19th century. When slurs are used with dots over or under the notes, this indicates a slight separation should be used between the notes the terms slurred staccato or dotted slurs are often used to describe this technique.
In Classical music, this may refer to instruments such as the piano, pipe organ, harpsichord, and so on. Pastoral - A composition whose style is simple and idyllic; suggestive of rural scenes. Because many reactions require that two molecules collide with each other, the faster the molecules move, the more collisions per second they will undergo. Listen to the beats of the other instruments like the guitar. Classicism - The period of music history which dates from the mid 1800s and lasted about sixty years. Fugue - A composition written for three to six voices.