Out of the 6000 billion tons coal stocks under earth crust, 200 tons have been exploited the present society. It is high time when all concerned should come together and devise ways and means to stop wastage and pollution of our natural resources and find out the ways to share them wisely and properly. It doesn't give off atmospheric pollutants. The new exploration strategy has been developed which places emphasis on intensive exploration, survey and drilling in order to add to petroleum reserves and to argument production. Depending upon raw material used, there are three types of electricity 1 Hydroelectricity ii Thermal electricity steam, gas, oil iii Nuclear electricity.
The cow dung, various plant materials like the residue or the leftovers after harvesting the crops, vegetable waste and sewage are decomposed in the absence of air to give bio gas. This indicates that our country has low rate of per capita consumption of energy as compared to developed countries. The energy is utilized for cooking and distillation of water. In India, states like Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, Orissa, and Maharashtra are regarded as superior areas with respect to this type of energy. You must have not forgotten the day just after the Diwali Celebration, when the capital city of India, Delhi has changed into a gas chamber. Heat from the geothermal fluid causes the secondary fluid to flash to vapor, which then drives the turbines. The energy generated in this way is utilized for food preparation, lighting roads and houses, and satisfying the water supply requirements of the rural community.
The electricity is then stored or used to power machinery, lighting, and even homes. The examples of non-commercial energy sources are, Straw, dried dung, firewood. The composition of natural gas is a mixture of mainly methane, 95. In Nuclear reactors, the nuclear fission is controlled by controlling the number of neutrons released during fission of radioactive substance. The conventional sources of energy are generally non-renewable sources of energy, which are being used since a long time. It also do not require any storage space in the house. That length of time for recovery from a nuclear plant disaster might not sit well with constituents and political groups.
In 2005-06, annual production of coal was 343 million tonnes. Fossil fuels pollute the environment. Furthermore, it has been forecasted that solar energy will become the future source of energy while fossil fuels, specifically oil and coal, would be completely used up. Department of Energy, like switchgrass, you can burn trees to produce heat energy. The Netherlands is famous for windmills. The project would also generate operational experience in handling hydrogen as an automotive fuel.
On the other hand, non-conventional sources of energy are environment-friendly, so they do not harm the nature, by polluting it. Fossil fuels were created millions of years ago from plant and animal remains. These plants could be combined with energy intensive industries like ammonia, hydrogen or aluminium production. Oil and Natural Gas: Like coal, petroleum is also derived from plants and also from dead animals that lived in remote past. The development of every country is linked with the development of industries, technological innovations and advancement.
Consequently, there will often be arguments and debates revolving around feasibility, efficiency and scalability. Geothermal plants have been associated with toxic emissions such as sulfur dioxide, silica and heavy metal deposits of mercury, arsenic and boron. The ammonia vapour coming out of the turbine is condensed back into liquid ammonia by cooling it with the cold sea water brought up from the deep part. These risks and hazards, not to mention the insurance costs to cover them, might be too pricey for the project to be commercially viable under present technological standards. It is utilized for drawing water, which is an essential requirement in watering agricultural lands in the rural areas.
Coal: Coal is one of the most important sources of energy and is being used for various proposes such as heating of housed, as fuel for boilers and steam engines and for generation of electricity by thermal plants. Though the total quantity of this resource is extremely large, it is concentrated in certain regions, and can vary a great deal with time at given location. If the trees are replaced, wood burning can be a long-term, sustainable energy source. It is mainly found in Assam, Gujarat and Mumbai. Total animal dung production is 324 million tonnes out of which 73 million tonnes are used as fuel for cooking purposes. In its crude form, the viscous black liquid is known as petroleum and a gas in contact with petroleum layer which flows naturally from oil wells is termed as natural gases.
More the volatility, lower is the heating value. Running water and wind were applied for direction finding. Bio Energy: This type of energy is obtained from organic matter. There are various sources from which electricity is being produced. Water Pumping Windmills: Small windmills with direct mechanical drive matched to a pump and tank storage are in extensive use in many parts of the world. In addition, it can be utilized for electricity generation.
Not Every Non-Conventional Energy Source Is Commercially Viable Geothermal and ocean energy sources require specific locations close to a geothermal or ocean energy source. Coal deposits in India are 148790 million tonnes. India has only four nuclear power stations reactors. About 1828 large community bio gas plants have been established in the country. The burning of coal and petroleum releases harmful gases like carbon dioxide which is mainly responsible for global warming , oxides of sulphur, nitrogen, carbon monoxide, vapours of hydrocarbons, lead, arsenic, fluoride and dust particles which contribute to air pollution and leads to Global Warming. On these wastelands, fast growing trees and shrubs may be planted which will provide fuel wood, charcoal, fodder, etc. Bio Gas is used for cooking, lighting, pumping out underground water for irrigation and even to generate electricity.
For example, one ton of uranium can provide energy which is much higher than three million tons of coal or 12 million barrels of oil. It provides employment to 7 lakh workers. India has developed technology to use solar energy for cooking, water heating, water dissimilation, space heating, crop drying etc. Wind Energy: Wind power is harnessed by setting up a windmill which is used for pumping water, grinding grain and generating electricity. In order to meet the energy demand of increased population, the scientists developed alternate nonconventional natural Resources sources of energy which should be renewable and provide a pollution free environment. As against, the energy generated out of non-conventional sources are used for domestic purposes.