Even the rich middle class, consisting of merchants, factory owners etc. In 1775 to the English colonies in Northern America revolted against the British rule. In 1788, the Third Estate, the peasants, working class, and the middle class began to rebel against the oppression forced upon them by the upper estates clergy and noblemen. The Origins of the French Revolution 2005. The social structures of France along with the changing demographics are one of these causes. The doctors, lawyers, teachers, businessmen, writers and philosophers belonged to this class.
Over the next 10 years. For France, which with 26 million inhabitants in 1789 was the most populated country of Europe, the problem was most. Alternative Title: Revolution of 1789 French Revolution, also called Revolution of 1789, the movement that shook between 1787 and 1799 and reached its first climax there in 1789. Montesquieu rejected the theory of the Divine Right of Kings and urged for separation of powers. Soon, what is perhaps the most famous of the causes of the American Revolution came to pass.
It is uncertain, however, whether revolution would have come without the added presence of a political crisis. Although the third estate made up most of the population of France, it owned less land then the first and second estate doc. The Bastille, the symbol of a despotic monarchy, was destroyed. The third estate paid the highest taxes, while the first and third paid low taxes or none at all. These unwieldy systems led to arbitrary and unequal collection of France's. In addition, lands held by commoners were taxed heavily, creating a financial crisis and widespread hunger.
Between 1789 and 1799, however, democracy failed. The Reformists were increasingly frustrated with LouisPhillipe and uprisings were breaking out all over France because ofit. The had one, and money was certainly one of the major causes of the American Revolution. As a result, the budget of the French government was thrown out of balance. Socialism, liberalism, and nationalism all were results of the French Revolution.
In good times, the taxes were burdensome; in harsh times, they were devastating. He wa … s inept and indecisive and was not good at crisis management. The increasingly numerous and prosperous elite of wealthy commoners—merchants, manufacturers, and professionals, often called the —aspired to political power in those countries where it did not already possess it. The clergy and nobility and the king insisted the houses vote separately. Montesquieu outright rejected the theory of the Divine Right of the kings and he suggested that the king should be selected by the will of the people. The Quartering Act incensed the colonies most. While social inequalities were driving poor people toward revolt, new ideas from the Enlightenment were also inspiring the French Revolution.
The farmers, cobblers, sweepers and other lower classes belonged to this class. They had the wealth and social status. Upon his accession he found an empty treasury. Under the new king, , radical financial reforms by his ministers, and , angered the nobles and were blocked by the who insisted that the king did not have the legal right to levy new taxes. These inequalities caused the Third Estate to revolt against their government.
The courtiers also followed in the footsteps of their sovereign. The Revolution also gave new meanings and new ideas to the political ideas of the people. On hearing the outbreak of revolution of France in 1848, all over Germany excitement ran high and people forced their rulers to grant constitutional reforms. Document 2 illustrates the three estates in 1789 and the land each held during the Old Regime. News of a grain shortage was met with skepticism and frustration rose from higher prices. The French population exceeded 28 million; of Europe's 178 to 188 millions, only had a greater population 37 to 41 million.
By the Letter de Catchet, they arrested any person at any time and imprisoned them. Taxation was out of control and the Nobles and Clergy were tax exempt. In order to finance the budget deficit, which amounted to 100 million in 1745, Machault d'Arnouville created a tax of 5% on all revenues the , a measure that affected the privileged classes as well as the rest of the population. The prize posts were reserved for the aristocrats and the nobles, no matter, if they did not possess the required qualifications. But the French Monarch, influenced by the clergies and nobles, ranked them as the Third Estate. The laws were made by the will of the king.